To implement treaty fishing rights through the restoration of anadromous fish in the Columbia Basin, the federal and state governments and the tribes must better utilize existing opportunities to develop and implement action plans based upon shared objectives. The following recommendations, for the most part, propose modest changes to the procedures adopted under the authority of U.S. v. Oregon and the Northwest Power Act. Through these recommendations, the tribes seek to improve harvest and production management and to coordinate policies and resolve disputes particularly for hydro operations, public lands management and research. The recommendations attempt to join accountability with responsibility for fish restoration by shifting the funding prioritization process to the tribes and agencies and transferring certain federally funded hatcheries to the tribes. The recommendations seek to limit policy barriers to the use of artificial propagation as a tool for restoration. The institutional changes also address private land management by recommending support for watershed initiatives and for enforcement of environmental laws.